Wide circulation of poverty. There is a change of structure of the poor population. The unemployed, and also numerous categories of the able-bodied citizens occupied part-time and incomplete working week, being in the holidays without preservation or with partial preservation of a salary having low compensation, employees of the enterprises with delays of payment of a salary were added to the categories of the population consisting of lonely pensioners, disabled people, large and incomplete families.
Ways of permission of essentially new contradictions which was not in old system have to be found in the Program of increase of level and quality of life. Such, as: contradictions between need of predictable social and economic development and the social conflicts breaking it; between decrease in incentives to work and distribution of preferences to a salary of social benefits; between increase of needs for social protection against reduction of resource opportunities of its providing, etc.
State regulation of labor market needs to be considered not in narrow sense, as a ratio of number of the vacancies and persons who are looking for work and as a complex problem of inclusion of individual work in process of public reproduction. In this context in the Program it is necessary to consider the demographic factors making direct impact on labor market and the price of labor to open specifics of labor market in the conditions of decrease in birth rate and aging of the population, and also inflow of labor from neighboring countries.
All these shortcomings of corporate system are brightly shown at the initial stage of transformation in our country. In corporate and market systems distinctions in a salary amplify: on the one hand, the groups of workers living in conditions of relative wellbeing are allocated; on the other hand, the groups of workers which are exposed to relative poverty are widely presented. All is available the amplifying tendency to an inequality of the income between various sectors of economic system.
introduction of indexation of an unpaid salary with use of a consumer price index on food and nonfoods, and also paid services. It is expedient to count this index the accruing result in time which corresponds to a delay of payment of part of compensation.
Level and quality of life represent material, spiritual and social consumption of the population and are predetermined by production, distribution and an exchange of material benefits and services. Distribution of people on a standard of living forms the concept of social justice corresponding to this or that social and economic step.
Measures for increase of purchasing power of compensation have to combine systematic revision of the sizes of a nominal salary with its indexing in intervals between adoption of these decisions. It is connected with need of maintenance of purchasing power of compensation in the conditions of inflation.
World experience testifies that there is no absolute division of social insurance and the social help. Therefore in the offered Program social security is focused on the mixed system including along with social insurance and elements of the social help, and first of all its such direction as the organization of family grants.
more preferable analytical approach at which indicators of quality of life first of all are grouped in spheres of life according to structure of processes of life of people, with the subsequent synthetic generalization.
To the cardinal transformations which are carried out now, preceded: on the one hand, rather low level of satisfaction of a wide range of requirements of the population production of public and socialist sector of economy; on the other hand, not full use of the opportunities of increase of a standard of living of the population put in development of collective and group and individual sectors of economy, in the greatest measure adapted for market forms of managing.
distributive relations (formation of the income of the population; regulation of the real contents of the income; system of social guarantees to the population; regulation of social and economic differentiation, etc.).